Villa in Ibiza
s'Hort des Baladres

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Villa in Ibiza `s'Hort des Baladres´ | Holiday pool villa in Santa Eulària des Riu, Ibiza - Eivissa
 
Brief history
The islands, today
World Cultural Heritage Site
Ibiza by night
Santa Eulalia`s zone

Take note
For the 2009 season we have done several minor improvements inside and outside the house. The most important of them is that we have completely renewed the bigger bathroom. Now, both bathrooms are new and stylish.

Brief history

Eivissa and Formentera already were inhabited in the beginning of the 2nd millennium B.C. as it was demonstrated by numerous prehistoric finds. It was a population that lived in caves or habitats constructed with stones and ceilings with branches, seaweed and mud; its society was well organized and hierarchically structured. Until now, the best conserved one of the finds which can be visited is the megalithic tomb of Ca Na Costa in Formentera.

The Greeks visited Eivissa and Formentera in the 7th century B.C., and although they did not get to establish stable colonies, they bequeathed to us a denomination that still lasts until today: Pitiusas, which means islands of pines and that, has remained unchanged to the present time as Illes Pitiüses.

When the Phoenicians of the southern Iberian Peninsula decided to widen their horizons and to found new colonies or commercial enclaves in the Mediterranean, they founded the city of Ibosim - the present Eivissa - in the year 654 B.C. They found a hill that closes a great natural harbour, easily defensible against the enemies, near to a fertile area and with abundant water to produce sufficient food for them. And not very far, there were large saltworks from which they could obtain the necessary salt for a prosperous salt meat industry. It was the ideal site to found the new colony called Ibosim in honour of the God Bes. Soon it began to have its own industry, which increased until turning Ibosim into one of the most populated and prosperous cities of the time, and in the beginning of the 4th century B.C. it numbered a population of 4000 or 5000 inhabitants.

The destruction of Carthage by the Roman army was followed by great changes in the Mediterranean. After the disappearance of the former metropolis, Ibosim had to become a federated city of Rome. And this step conserved its legislative, economic and religious autonomy. The population essentially continued being the same, and by this cause the Romanisation was slow. The Roman domination granted six centuries of peace and prosperity, with good times and times of crisis.

The Vandal town was a garrison town which lived to expenses of the dominated territories and the booty of its expeditions. The domination by the Vandals was a century of decay and abandonment. After that, the Byzantine emperor Justinian had the idea to re-establish the Roman Empire, and his first target was the weakest kingdom of the Mediterranean: the Vandal Kingdom. They invaded it and conquered the islands in the year 534, always putting religious subjects forward as an excuse. The Visigoths also dominated Ebusus after defeating the Byzantine fleet at the end of the 7th century. It was another weak domination and without leaving any lasting track on the island.

The Islam extended quickly to the Iberian Peninsula by the west. In the beginning of the 7th century the Muslims arrived at the Pitiusas subjugating them and turning them into their tributary, although it was not until the year 902 that Emir Abd Allah formally annexed them to the Caliphate of Cordova. After the annexation, the island of Eivissa became Iabissa and the town was called Madina Iabissa, depending administratively on Maiurka, (Majorca) and this one on Cordova. It was a time of relative peace and tranquillity, often deformed by historians with an excessively catholic-centric vision of the history, who explain this time to us like a parenthesis to forget, with a town that had to be expelled to recover our reality, and not as it really was. The Muslims, unlike previous dominators, populated the island, leaving us an inheritance that today still lives on. Many names of places and some words which the succeeding settlers adapted to their Catalan language, a complex system of irrigated land (ses feixes) which has survived till the present time, and also, why not, the physical inheritance, the genetic material remained to live on between the new occupants after the year 1253. A sample of the importance and prosperity of Iabissa during this time are the numerous personages born here who acquired fame outside the island. Among them, the most famous poet was possibly Abñ Ala Idras ibn al.IamÉna, also known as al.Iabissi (the native from Ibiza) and al.Sabini (the one from the island of the junipers). There is still a street dedicated to his name in the present town and he was considered one of the best ones in ´Book of the flags of the champions', an anthology of poets by al.Andalus written in 1253.

THE CATALAN CONQUEST - In December 1234, Jaume I granted to Guillem de Montfrí the right to conquer the islands of Eivissa and Formentera from the Saracen and to have them as his feoff in the style of Barcelona. Guillem de Montgrí united his forces with those of Pere de Portugal i Nunó Sans and they conquered the Pitiusas on August 8th, 1235. They distributed the islands as they had decided before: proportionally to the number of soldiers contributed by each of them, this means, half of the island for Montgrí and a quarter for each of the other two co gentlemen. The town was distributed, house by house, to equal parts. Here a new time began for these islands; new people with a new religion, new customs, new language, and new lineages that still last: the Catalan Eivissa began here.

THE CATALAN EIVISSA - After the conquest most of the former Islamic settlers were replaced by Catalans, attracted to the islands by privileges and tax exemptions. The rulers made donations to all new settlers of the main industry which the islands had in that time: the saltworks. At that time they also allowed those to govern independently by an organism called ´Universitat´, like a city council, elected by such settlers to administrate Eivissa and Formentera. And they helped them to organize themselves in militia to defend them against the continuing incursions which during many centuries would be their natural enemy: the Moors of the southern shore of the Mediterranean. It was a really difficult time and the fear and the anguish caused by the attacks and the plundering were a constant risk, but the human being is enormously adaptable, and soon they were organized to pay back in their own coin. They became frightful corsairs who also attacked enemy territory in search of booty and slaves to sell at good prices or in exchange for Ibizan prisoners on the other border of the Mediterranean Sea. The society of that time was the one which determined most customs, the personality, the language and the landscape of the present Eivissa.

THE CASTILIAN CONQUEST - In the beginning of the 18th century the War of Spanish Succession embroiled Europe in general war. It was the existing conflict between Castile, which supported a French pretender, and the Kingdom of Aragon and Catalonia, which showed preference for an Austrian. In 1714 the victory Castilian and French troops supposed the beginning of a length and dark period of repression towards the losers of the fight. After the surrender Eivissa was occupied in 1715, followed by a long repression against the goods and the symbols of its inhabitants. The saltworks were seized by the crown "by conquest right", the "Universitat" (control system that governed the island) was changed to a city council with councilmen named directly by the central government. The Catalan language and the culture underwent all series of persecutions and prohibitions. It was a process destined to depersonalize the Ibizan population (and all the Catalan in general), and to erase their language, customs and historical memory, that not yet has finalized.





S'Hort des Baladres - Tourist villa licence VTV0217EIF
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